The health risks on this page pertain to the following Caribbean countries: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands and the Virgin Islands (UK) and Virgin Islands (US).
The likelihood of running up a food poisoning infection depends to a very large extent on the island itself and the local circumstances. The same is true for hepatitis A. For longer stays on some islands there is also a real risk of contracting typhoid fever.
On a number of islands, particularly Haiti, there is a risk of tuberculosis.
You can contract sexually transmitted diseases here, including hepatitis B and HIV infections. Hepatitis B and HIV infections are particularly commonplace on Haiti.
The risk of rabies varies strongly per island, from very small on the better-developed islands to substantial on Cuba and Haiti, for example.
There is a fluctuating risk of leptospirosis.