Mosquitos can transmit a number of diseases, such as malaria, dengue, zika, yellow fever and chikungunya. Unfortunately, no medication or vaccination exists for every disease. How do you prevent a mosquito bite?
There are several types of mosquitos that are both active during the day and night . You can protect yourself from mosquito bites by keeping your room free of mosquitos, wearing protective clothing and using mosquito repellent.
Make sure you keep your sleeping area mosquito-free:
- Use appropriate mosquito screens.
- Use an impregnated mosquito net.
- Keep windows closed and turn on the airconditioning, if available.
Cover your skin:
- Wear clothing that almost completely covers your body, such as long sleeves, long trousers, socks and closed shoes.
- Wear loose clothing. Mosquitos tend to bite through thin trousers and socks. The baggier your clothing, the harder it is for a mosquito to get close to your skin.
- Wear light clothing. This causes you to radiate less heat, which in turn makes you a less attractive landing spot for a mosquito.
3) Mosquito repellent with DEET
Apply mosquito repellent (DEET) carefully and in accordance with instructions:
- Apply sufficient DEET to all exposed areas of your skin.
- It is advisable to use products with a DEET concentration that is between 30-50%. Young children and pregnant women are advised to use DEET with a concentration of less than 30%.
- DEET 30% may be applied up to four times a day, DEET 31-40% up to three times a day, and DEET 41-50% up to twice a day.
Would you like more information on mosquito repellents? Please contact our Travel Clinic.